To cite an online image you are discussing in your writing
In the text
Mention the image in the text and cite the author and date:
The cartoon by Frith (1968) describes ...
If the image has no named author, cite the full name and date of the image:
The map shows the Parish of Maroota during the 1840s (Map of the Parish of Maroota, County of Cumberland, District of Windsor 1840-1849)
List of references
Frith J 1968, From the rich man’s table, political cartoon by John Frith, Old Parliament House, Canberra, accessed 11 May 2007, .
Include the following information:
- author (if available)
- year produced (if available)
- title of image (or a description)
- Format and any details (if applicable)
- name and place of the sponsor of the source
- accessed day month year (the date you viewed/ downloaded the image)
- URL or Internet address (between pointed brackets)
If there is no named author, put the image title first, followed by the date (if available):
Khafre pyramid from Khufu’s quarry 2007, digital photograph, Ancient Egypt Research Associates, accessed 2 August 2007, .
Map of the Parish of Maroota, County of Cumberland, District of Windsor 1840-1849, digital image of cartographic material, National Library of Australia, accessed 13 April 2007, .
To cite online images/ diagrams used as figures
Figures include diagrams, graphs, sketches, photographs and maps. If you are writing a report or an assignment where you include any visuals as figures, you must include a reference.
If you include figures in your work, they should be numbered and labelled with captions. Captions should be very simple and descriptive and be followed by an in-text citation. Figure captions should be directly under the image.
In the text of the assignment
Cite the author and year:
Figure 1: Questions the Literature Review can Answer (The Learning Centre 2007)
In the list of references
Provide full citation information:
The Learning Centre 2007, Some of the questions a review of the literature can answer, digital image, The University of New South Wales, accessed 2 August 2007, .
To cite online data in a table caption
If you reproduce or adapt table data found online you must include a citation. All tables should be numbered and table captions should be above the table.
In the text of the assignment
Table 2: Agricultural water use, by state 2004-05 (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006)
|NSW (including Canberra)||3 976 108|
|Vic.||2 570 219|
|Qld||2 864 889|
|SA||1 004 828|
|Total ML||11 146 502|
List of references
Include the name of the web page where the table data is found.
Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006, Water Use on Australian Farms, 2004-05, Cat. no. 4618.0, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 4 July 2007 .
Next: FAQ and troubleshooting
- Figures are any type of graphical illustration other than a table, such as: graphs, charts, maps, drawings, diagrams, and photographs.
- Figures must add to the reader’s understanding of the content of the paper; they should not be added just to provide visual interest. For more information, see section 5.20 of the APA Publication Manual.
- Figures must be used ethically. Copyright laws must be followed; simply citing a source does not make its use copyright compliant. A good rule of thumb: Use figures from ClipArt, Creative Commons, or the library’s rights-cleared image database, Image Quest.
References and Citations:
- You must provide complete citations for figures and tables in your paper and in your reference list.
References with NoodleTools:
- If the figure came from an image database, such as Image Quest, choose Painting, Sculpture, or Photograph from NoodleTools’s citation type drop-down menu.
- If the figure came from within a source like a book, an article, or a web site, choose a citation type that matches the source.
- Figure #
- Should be italicized.
- The number will reflect if it is the first (1), second (2), third (3), etc. figure in the paper.
- In your caption, you should briefly explain what the figure is about and how it connects to the content of the paper. The caption information should allow the figure to stand alone.
- Rasmussen College allows you to insert the words Taken from: followed by a copy of your reference item entry from NoodleTools. No hanging indent is needed.
- APA suggests that you use its official copyright permission wording based on type of source used. The wording switches the normal order of a reference item entry. See Section 2.12 of the Publication Manual if you choose to use this method.
- Copyright date and the name of copyright holder, if available.
- Figure numbers are used in the text to refer to and explain the presence of the figures.
- The citation style used for Figure 1 and 2 is what Rasmussen allows, rather than what APA suggests. The citation for Figure 1 is from an image database; the citation for Figure 2 is from a web site.
- The citations are identical to the reference list item for the figure (or the figure’s source).
For more information, you can view the Citing Tables, Graphs, and Images page of the APA Guide below.