Gardners Intelligence Essay

Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences Essay

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In 1983 an American developmental psychologist, Dr. Howard Gardner, at Harvard University released a document that outlined his theory about multiple intelligences. He believes that everyone has eight different intelligences that, those being linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence, musical intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, spatial intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence and naturalist intelligence, with the last one being added later in 1999. Even though everyone has each of these intelligences his theory advises that everyone exceeds or are more attuned more to certain ones than other, but through a long processing of learning we can exceed at any intelligence we choose. In…show more content…

They would be more attuned to musical pitches and rhythms. Obviously a person that excelled in this intelligence would be employed in a job as a musician or musical producer. In bodily-kinesthetic intelligence the person would be use the whole body or part of their body to solve problems and would possess the mental ability to coordinate the body’s movements. Someone that possessed these abilities would most likely be a professional athlete or dancer and would use the body and coordination to excel in which ever sport they have chosen. In spatial intelligence the person would be able to recognize and use patterns of wide space and more confined areas. I think a person that excelled in this intelligence would be employed as an interior designer or an architect. This person would use their eyes to see the patterns and their brain to create those types of designs. In interpersonal intelligence the person would have the ability to understand the intentions, motivations, and desires of other people. These skills would allow them to effectively work with other people. This is an intelligence that everyone should work toward being better at to effectively communicate with coworkers, friends, or classmates. Someone that excelled in this intelligence would be employed as a teacher, politician, or a salesperson. They would have to use many different parts of their body to communicate well through speech and bodily language. In intrapersonal intelligence the

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Everyone thinks intelligence is being smart and that it is inherited, but what if intelligence also refers to skill? Each person is embodied with intelligence, but it might not be the intelligence that you see in school by form of tests. If you can’t see these intelligences by tests; then how do you know if you have an intelligence? According to the website Multiple Intelligence (MI)-Howard Gardner (2014), Howard Gardner is the man who came up with the idea of multiple intelligences and he describes intelligence as “the ability to create an effective product or offer service that is valued in a culture,” while the traditional definition as from Merriam-Webster dictionary (2014) defines intelligence as “the ability to learn or understand…show more content…

Existential is one of the intelligences that hasn’t been added to the list yet due to the little evidence found so far. Armstrong(2009) states that Gardner defines Existential intelligence as “a concern with ultimate life issues,” while Allan and Shearer(2012) go into what Gardner defines in more detail with that it is the tendency to explore the fundamental concerns of human existence plus having the capacity to engage in a meaning-making process that locates oneself in the respect of life’s issues(pg. 21). Mainly, it is the discipline of philosophy according to Multiple Intelligence (MI)-Howard Garner (2014); then Existential Intelligence for Strategic Leadership(2014) agrees with that by describing it as a “philosophical movement in which individual are understood as having full responsibility for creating the meanings of their own lives”(pg. 3). The main problem with Existential intelligence is that it pertains to deriving meaning from their lives, assigning values to each meaning, and figuring how to apply that to their life. Since cultures differ for everyone, they value everything in a different matter too, making it hard to measure Existential intelligence at all. Hopefully with more exploring and researching, Existential intelligence will become less confusing and begin helping people understand life in a whole. Smith (2008) says Gardner even found Existential intelligence a bit complex and distant from the other eight, which is why

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